In Mexico, ancient cave art was unearthed revealing nearly 5,000 paintings. The rock art was discovered in several different locations throughout Tamaulipas’ Sierra de San Carlos mountain range.
Archaeologists previously assumed the area was uninhabited in prehistoric times. The paintings have given them new insight into several ancient cultures.
As reported by NBC News, the natives left behind few clues of their existence. The paintings are the first sign that several different cultures actually thrived in the Tamaulipas mountains.
The ancient cave art includes astronomical and religious data, depictions of their daily life, and several different insects and animals found in the region. The yellow, white, black, and red paintings point to a lifestyle that included fishing, hunting, and gathering.
Amazingly, they managed to defend themselves from Spanish conquistadors. The conquistadors spoke of ancient cultures in the area, but evidence of their existence was sparse.
The ancient cave art was unearthed in 2006. However, archaeologists did not start analyzing the work until 2011.
As reported by CNN, their findings were revealed at an archaeological conference held in Mexico City last week. The National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico presented their data, suggesting that at least three different cultures lived in the mountainous area.
Their preliminary research has suggested that the Guajolotes, Iconoplos and Pintos groups are likely responsible for most of the rock art. Although the exact dates cannot be determined, the ancient cave art depicts tools commonly used in prehistoric times.
Archaeologist Gustavo Ramirez explains that the findings are especially important as no other signs of their existence, or lifestyle, have been found. No tools, implements, or remains have been found near or around the sites. Many of the paintings were found near water sources, which likely washed away other evidence.
The ancient cave art unearthed in Mexico offers an amazing view into the lives of ancient cultures. Archaeologist now know that at least three prehistoric groups managed to sustain and defend themselves in the Sierra de San Carlos mountain range.
[Image via Wikipedia]