Renowned cosmologist Stephen Hawking has suggested black holes have “hair.” He insists that these instances of holographic imprint are provable, and his work could bag him a Nobel Prize for physics.
Last year, noted British theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking had suggested that black holes may allow for “information” to continue lingering at its edges. Commonly referred to as the “Event Horizon,” it may have traces of information that have been transformed from a three-dimensional object that was sucked inside the black hole, into a two-dimensional hologram. Interestingly, when photons are ejected from a black hole, they take are believed to take this holographic information with them, he had suggested.
The paper that Stephen Hawking has just posted online extends the attempts to solve the infamous black hole information paradox. Albert Einstein had long back suggested through his famous general Theory of Relativity that information about matter gets destroyed by a black hole. However, Hawking suggested it is supposed to be fundamentally conserved, too. Essentially, one particle gets swallowed up, and the other radiates away into space, explained Devin Powell,
“The escaping radiation steals energy from the black hole as it departs, so that the black hole loses mass over time. It eventually evaporates out of existence. According to Hawking’s calculations, the lingering radiation – the only trace of a vanished black hole – contains no useful information about how the black hole formed and what it ate.”
Owing to ever-evolving, but still limited knowledge, about quantum mechanics, the matter that gets sucked in may leave some traces of its existence on the Event Horizon, suggested Hawking last year.
“I propose that the information is stored not in the interior of the black hole as one might expect, but on its boundary, the event horizon. The message of this lecture is that black holes ain’t as black as they are painted. They are not the eternal prisons they were once thought. Things can get out of a black hole both on the outside and possibly come out in another universe.”
As a proposed solution to the black hole information paradox, Hawking suggests these star-eaters might have what he describes as “hairs” that form on the event horizon. They are minute, penile deformation, wide-time that could exist round the event horizon of the black hole, reports Archy UK.
Referred to as “super translations,” they act as a sort of filter that strip the “details” off the matter as it passes into the black hole. The super translation happens because the information that’s approaching the black hole jiggles the material of space-time. Though the wavering is very minute, it is enough to assist rays to escape through the black hole at the Event Horizon. For quite some time, Hawking has been suggesting that black holes emit radiation, meaning the process could allow smaller black holes to evaporate, reports Cambridge News.
Unfortunately, Hawking has not won a Nobel Prize for physics as he hasn’t succeeded in offering any experimental evidence to back his theory. Needless to say, Nobel Prize for physics is awarded only when there’s conclusive experimental evidence. Hawking has confirmed that his work will offer evidence,
“Although I won’t see proof of Hawking radiation directly [from black holes], there was another kind. I am now studying whether one might detect Hawking radiation in primordial gravitational waves… so I might get a Nobel Prize after all.”
To prove the existence of “hairs” on the black hole, which incidentally make them uniquely identifiable from one another, Stephen Hawking has been working with is colleagues, University of Cambridge physicist Malcolm J. Perry and Harvard University physicist Andrew Strominger, reported Scientific American. Speaking about the theory, Strominger said the following.
“We show that when a charged particle goes in, it adds a soft photon to the black hole. So it adds ‘hair’ to the black hole.”
The paper, which is yet to be submitted to a scientific journal, will now undergo an informal peer review.
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