The shutdown of iBooks and iTunes Movies is not an isolated issue, but it does come as a surprise as Apple had been one of the more secure companies in China. It seems to have taken Apple by surprise as their Chinese website still had job listings related to the services, which is a sign that they were planning to grow them further.
It was ordered by China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television, according to sources. Chinese consumers can no longer access these services within Apple, which affects the company greatly as it has become more reliant on the Chinese market while iPhone sales have been slowing down in the U.S. and other Western markets.
Meanwhile, Microsoft and Qualcomm had been targets of antitrust investigations in China during 2015, while major websites such as Google, Facebook, and Twitter are continually blocked. Enterprise hardware companies such as Cisco and IBM had been met with lukewarm sales after Edward Snowden's NSA revelations. The government had been mounting even more pressure on Western technology companies lately, and it seems that it's not about to stop anytime soon.