The United States of America is one of the youngest countries on the planet but has been a world power for more than a century. In 1776, American colonists banded together to defeat the British army and win their independence from England.
The Founding Fathers, who risked their lives by signing the Declaration of Independence, wrote the Constitution and outlined the inalienable rights of citizens and responsibilities and limitations of government necessary to form the republic. Although many people refer to the United States as being a democracy, the country is officially a representative democracy known as a republic. The founders of the United States created a balance of power within the judicial, legislative, and executive offices of the federal government to prevent a monarchy or dictatorship from ever forming in America.