The Syrian Arab Republic is a country that currently has an undetermined political status due to an ongoing civil war. Ruled by Bashar al-Assad, approximately 4 million of Syria’s 18 million citizens became refugees between 2011 and 2015. A key feature in political news, Syria has been the headquarters for the terrorist group ISIS. One of the most ancient civilizations on earth, Syria has a large number of archaeological-related news headlines, including the ancient city of Palmyra. Syrian-descent celebrities popular in America are Paula Abdul, Jerry Seinfeld, Wentworth Miller, and Teri Hatcher. Steve Jobs of Apple/Mac is also of Syrian descent. In the past, the Syrian economy was supported by oil reserves.