Sandy Hook is a small town north of the Jersey Shore that became a center point of news headlines due to a tragic elementary school shooting. Sandy Hook has been frequently referenced in the years since the incident occurred as a reason to improve gun control laws in America. The Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting that took place on December 14, 2012, ended in 26 children and school staff members losing their lives. The perpetrator of the shooting, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, fatally shot and killed himself and his mother after the shooting in Newtown, Connecticut. Sandy Hook is a pivotal case for legal reference because it is the second-most fatal shooting of its kind in history.