Barack Obama served as the 44th president of the United States, winning elections in both 2008 and 2012 and becoming the country’s first African-American president. Obama was born in Hawaii to a mother from Kansas and a father from Kenya, but he spent much of his youth living with his maternal grandparents. Barack graduated from Columbia University and Harvard Law School and worked as a community organizer, civil rights attorney, and law professor before serving in the Illinois and U.S. Senates. Although his leadership was met with great criticism at times, President Barack Obama also touted successes with the Affordable Care Act, an Iranian nuclear deal, and renewed relations with Cuba.