U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

The Affordable Care Act is President Barack Obama’s signature piece of legislation. The national healthcare program has been dubbed “Obamacare.” The Affordable Care Act related to two distinct pieces of legislation. The first being the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the companion bill, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. The laws linked together to expand Medicaid coverage and to offer taxpayer-funded subsidies to low-income Americans.

The controversial health care law was promoted as an affordable alternative to garner health insurance for Americans who had been turned down for coverage due to pre-existing conditions or who felt they could not find medical coverage because it was not offered at their place of employment.