Michio Kaku explains in the video below that the American jobs crisis has three facets; exporting jobs, importing workers to fill jobs that could be filled by local workers, and the impact of technology, including artificial intelligence and robotics. All three are factors in the job crisis.
Michio Kaku explains the impact of exporting jobs in the video below.
“Everybody knows that factories are leaving the United States, and among the hardest hit are white workers. The question is how do we keep the factories from leaving. How do we keep the jobs from leaving.”
Perhaps the greatest factor in the American jobs crisis is manufacturing jobs being exported by American companies, as Michio Kaku acknowledges. Corporations build factories in foreign countries while closing American Factories. Some call this globalization.The other side of globalization according to Michio Kaku, is the importation of labor.
Michio Kaku acknowledges that the American jobs crisis is exacerbated by these problems, but Kaku also emphasizes how many human jobs have been replaced by artificial intelligence, robotics, and automation. Michio Kaku believes the American job crisis is the result of the combination of globalization and automation.
“However, there is another theory [other than globalization] and I personally think it is a combination of the two. The other theory says that it is automation. That automation is also replacing some of these jobs that these white workers once had.”
American jobs have been lost, as companies once rooted in the United States have gone international, spawning the American jobs crisis. Michio Kaku acknowledges that American companies have closed plants in the United States and either import products from foreign companies, or build their new plants on foreign soil.
Michio Kaku discusses the American jobs crisis in the video below from the five-minute mark to the 13-minute mark.
Michio Kaku doesn’t see this American jobs crisis as hopeless, and believes in the end Americans will prevail against the machine, triumphing over robots as well as surviving corporate globalization with all the job exports and employee imports.
American jobs are also being lost in the tech field due to outsourcing, but information technology and jobs in the tech field are still recommended by Michio Kaku.
“You can educate workers and also plan for new industries … Why not switch from steel and nuclear energy to high technology, modern medicine, and job creating industries.”
Michio Kaku suggests in the video students seek higher education in tech fields to avoid the American jobs crisis.
“We should A, educate workers to be part of the computer revolution, and B, Make sure that the industries there are modernized. To take into account the fact that that our demographics are changing. More people are getting elderly and therefore need medical care.”
Michio Kaku continues, Michio explains that information technology and related technologies are the American jobs of the future and the answer to the American Jobs Crisis. Michio Kaku says excitedly that America needs to get “The motor of ingenuity going.”
“We see this explosion in information technology and related technologies that involve the computer so why not encourage that? Why not make seed money possible to create new industries?”
Michio Kaku has noted correctly these tech industry jobs aren’t all leaving the U.S. Many information technology jobs and other tech jobs are necessarily staffed in America. Still, the need for information technologies workers isn’t helping the American jobs crisis, because these jobs are being filled by workers born and educated in other nations, especially India, Indian tech graduates are receiving H-1B visas, and taking American tech jobs, increasing the American jobs crisis.
The one thing that makes Michio Kaku’s tech job suggestion less than optimal to combat the American job crisis is the extensive use of the H-1B visa. This situation could change, however for the present, it difficult for Americans to find a job in the tech field. An example of the problem is explained in the Charlotte Observer, by A Bank of America employee who wished to remain anonymous, for fear of losing his job.
“If you go into any development team in the bank, I don’t know of any American developers that I’ve worked with over the last couple of years. They’re all Indian. The jobs that we’re replacing here aren’t rocket science. It’s database developers. Skills you can learn through a four-year program… at any major American university.”
Despite the American jobs crisis, American employers are hiring H-1B visa workers over Americans who live in the area. These companies are saving an average of $17,678 per year per employee according to the Charlotte Observer. While there are many American IT workers out of work in the Charlotte area, many companies are using foreign labor coming in on H-B1 visas according to the Charlotte Observer.
Combatting the American jobs crisis isn’t easy. North Carolina lawmakers are currently fighting a loophole that simultaneously allows companies to receive state incentives for job creation, even though they are hiring foreign workers in preference to American workers according to the Charlotte Observer.
The H-B1 visa issue isn’t just bad for Americans either. Aman Kapoor, president of Immigration Voice, and himself a former H-B1 worker told the Washington Post, the system is exploitive of Indians as well as discriminatory to Americans.
“American workers are discriminated against in the job market and immigrant workers are exploited.”
Michio Kaku believes robotics and AI are among the greatest contributors to the American jobs crisis, especially in for middle management jobs, and data gathering. Still, Michio Kaku says human beings have the edge in many thought processes.
“One Area you should keep away from is the middleman. If you are the middleman and you are being involved in bean counting, tracking things, being like a search engine well those jobs are going to be phased out.”
Agreeing with Michio Kaku, the video below shows 10 industries soon to displace workers, further exacerbating the American jobs crisis. Many of these jobs are minimum wage service jobs, and largely what Americans have left to choose from. Most of these are not high paying jobs, but isn’t the only bright side to telemarketing, for instance, the fact that it creates jobs?
What would be the benefit of paying so much for automation when waitresses, telemarketers, and so forth are already working for a less than adequate minimum wage in this American job crisis? How would this be cost effective?
Michio Kaku feels confident that AI and robotics will retain most of their current limitations for quite some time. This will leave plenty of jobs that require logic, creativity, common sense and reasoning for the humans. Despite all the hype about the singularity, Michio Kaku believes artificial intelligence cannot experience things as humans do.
Michio Kaku believes robots cannot develop common sense, giving humans the edge in the American jobs crisis.
“We forget that computers are adding machines, They add a million times faster than us giving us the illusion that they are really thinking.”
In favor of human labor in the American jobs crisis, Michio Kaku says computers have blind spots. They don’t have the ability to comprehend the human experience. Kaku says there are many things artificial intelligence can’t do.
Michio Kaku believes computers and artificial intelligence have a limited capacity for interacting with humans. Jobs that involve direct communication with people are best performed by other people.
Michio Kaku also says artificial intelligence has poor pattern recognition. Computers are not adequate in recognizing patterns. “When they walk into a room” they see “circles, lights, and rectangles,” not tables, sofas, and light fixtures. They may see better than humans but they do not understand what they see in the same way a human does.
Robots, according to Michio Kaku, do not understand common sense.
“They don’t know that water is wet. They don’t know that mothers are older than their daughters… They don’t know that when you die you don’t come back the next day … Programming common sense has proven to be too difficult.”
According to Michio Kaku, many jobs are out of the realm of artificial intelligence capabilities, including simple ones like garbage collecting, and gardening. It seems artificial intelligence could not discern garbage from other items.
Michio Kaku believes that while repetitive jobs like those on an assembly line will eventually be done by automation and robotics, AI will never master creativity.
“Innovation, creativity, management analysis, and leadership. These are things computers cannot do.”
Michio Kaku understands that jobs are hard to find in many areas of America during the jobs crisis. Foreign workers are being imported for tech jobs that could be filled by Americans. Factories that once offered prosperity to unskilled, skilled, and semi skilled American workers are now gone. Now artificial intelligence threatens to take the few low paying service jobs away as well, according to the video above.
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Still, Michio Kaku believes that creative and management level American jobs will remain, but more of these creative jobs need to be created to combat the American jobs crisis.
[Featured Image by Evan Agostini/AP Images and Tommaso79/Shutterstock]