A large Neolithic community that dates back 9,000 years has been discovered by archaeologists beside two streams in Motza, which can be found sitting in a comfortable spot beneath the Jerusalem hills. The remains of skeletons, stone houses, and magnificent temples were all discovered during the planning stages of the construction of a new road.
As Haaretz report, the Neolithic village was found to measure 500 meters and is believed to have sustained a prosperous community of around 1,000 people. Interestingly, after being inhabited for around 400 years, the village was abandoned for a reason that is not yet understood, only to rise again 5,000 years later during the heyday of the Roman Empire.
The Jerusalem Valley community was constructed by using tools made out of flint, with buildings fashioned out of stone bricks and mud. The villagers who resided here would have been one of the earliest groups of humans who chose to live in a settled community, eschewing their previous hunting and gathering lifestyle
This 9,000-year-old Motza village is just one of the early communities that were once scattered at the basin of the Jerusalem hills, according to Hamoudi Khalaily from the Antiquities Authority, who explained that "Neolithic settlements were flourishing at the time."
In fact, the prosperous community was doing so well with their farming endeavors that they were able to construct large public buildings and dye the plaster of their buildings red, indicating that they must have had a substantial amount of leisure time.