Thus far, all pertinent data scientists have gathered up to this point suggests that the universe should not exist, which, by extension, pushes the idea that our understanding of physics is somehow wrong or, at the very least, incomplete. And yet, the universe does exist, exemplified by all the objects that populate the expanding superstructure, and it includes ourselves and our perceptions of it. Those perceptions are in part driven by our understanding and the study of matter and antimatter. To make the situation worse, new study obtaining a more precise measurement of antimatter has just reinforced the concept that the universe should not exist.
To explain: as reported by Ian O'Neill at Astroengine.com, the Big Bang Theory was not only the beginning of our universe, it was the moment that saw the "embodiment of an epic battle between matter and antimatter that occurred immediately after the Big Bang."
He notes that it is evident that matter won — sharing specific evidence such as planets, humans, galaxies, and hamsters — but scientists do not understand how matter remains dominant in the constant war between matter and antimatter, wherein the two states being equally oppositional, there should have been the instant annihilation of the universe after its super-quick emergence as an existing phenomenon. Any yet, there wasn't and the universe as we know it continues to expand.
O'Neill further explained that all matter has its opposites, like proton and anti-protons, sections and positrons, and neutrinos and anti-neutrinos. So, to better understand why the universe exists when it should not, scientists have attempted to measure the quantum states of known matter to ascertain just how matter has become more dominant than antimatter.
Physicists working at CERN's Baryon–Antibaryon Symmetry Experiment (BASE), located near Geneva, Switzerland, recently conducted tests on anti-protons in their ongoing efforts to measure the magnetic moments (the measurements of the Larmor frequency, or the precision of spin of a given particle, and the cyclotron frequency, which shows the oscillation of a charged particle within a magnetic field) of the antimatter and matter particles. They are searching for differences that might explain the universe's existence on a quantum level.
The results were published in the latest edition of the journal Nature.
The tests succeeded in establishing the most precise measurement of an anti-proton's magnetic moment to date. In fact, the measurement was more precise than the latest measurement for a proton.
However, the measurements again only established that proton and anti-proton magnetic moments remained exactly the same, physicist and lead author of the study Christian Smorra asserted in a CERN statement.
Smorra further explained, according to a press report from Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany, that the universe should not exist as does.
"All of our observations find a complete symmetry between matter and antimatter, which is why the universe should not actually exist."BASE scientists are now moving to obtain even more precise measurements of protons and anti-protons in order to gain a clearer understanding of the relationship between matter and anti-matter and how they constitute the known structure of the universe. Plans are in the developmental stage to improve upon methods with which to enhance the current BASE results.
"An asymmetry must exist here somewhere but we simply do not understand where the difference is," he went on, adding, "What is the source of the symmetry break?"
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