Archaeologists have uncovered the remnants of the temple of Ramses II, who was known as the great and powerful king of Egypt, in the village of Abusir southwest of Cairo. It was found near the well-known step pyramid of Saqqara.
The Egyptian-Czech archaeological team discovered the lost temple during an excavation at Abusir archaeological site. Abusir is now considered as one of the main elite cemeteries for the ancient Egyptian capital city of Memphis.
According to Egypt Independent, the team has found evidence of the existence of a temple in the said area in 2012. With this, they were encouraged to pursue the mission for the last four years, according to Mostafa Waziri, the Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities.
Mohamed Megahed, the Deputy Head of the mission, said that the temple measures more than 1768 square meters (18700 sq.ft.). It was about 32 by 52 meters and has a large forecourt leading to the hypostyle hall, in which some parts are painted blue. One of the temple’s pylons was made of mud brick foundation. Pylons were gateways to the inner part of an ancient Egyptian temple.
The team also discovered a staircase or a ramp to a sanctuary, in which its back was divided into three parallel chambers. This was found at the rear end of the court. The remnants of this lost temple were resting under sand and rubble, which also have ancient remnants, according to Ancient Origins.
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“The remains of this building, which constitutes the very core of the complex, were covered with huge deposits of sand and chips of stone of which many bore fragments of polychrome reliefs,” said Dr. Mirsolave Barta, director of the Czech mission.
Dr. Barta further said that the temple is the only evidence of the presence of Ramses II in the Badrashin area in Giza. These finds also prove their worship of the sun god “Ra” in Abusir that began in 5th Dynasty about more than 4,500 years ago. He added that the relief fragments are associated with the cult of the sun gods” Amun” and “Ra” and the goddess Nekhbet, as noted by Fox News.
Ramses II, also known as the most celebrated pharaoh of Egypt, reigned in the 13th century BCE. He was the third king of the 19th dynasty of ancient Egypt and whose reign was the second longest in Egyptian history. During his reign, many buildings were built that range from religious edifices across Egypt and Nubia to a new capital, Pi Ramesse, in which his symbols were carved in all places.
Rameses died at about 90 years of age. He suffered from severe dental problems, arthritis, and hardening of the arteries. He had left Egypt rich from the resources he had gathered from other kingdoms.
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