Second Sphinx Buried In Sand In Egypt's Giza Plateau, Pyramids Much Older Than Believed, Researchers Claim

The Sphinx — the ancient and giant statue of what appears to be a lion with a human face — is one of the most remarkable structures in the world and for centuries has captured the imaginations of historians, artists, and just plain tourists on the Giza plateau of Egypt. However, there may be a second Sphinx built around the same time as the one known to the world — but this Sphinx has remained buried in the sands of Giza for thousands of years.

That is the theory now being offered by two British historical researchers, Gerry Cannon and Malcolm Hutton, who say that unlike numerous examples of smaller Sphinx structures and illustrated depictions of Sphinxes found in Egypt, the Sphinx of Giza is a rarity in that it stands alone, according to a report by the Egypt Today online site.

Every other Sphinx dating from ancient Egypt has been part of a pair, believed to represent the "duality" of male and female, the report says — also representing the duality of the sun and moon. Ancient Egyptians believed that at the end of every day the sun traveled underground and reemerged as the moon, with a Sphinx protecting each end of the journey.

"Every time we have to deal with the solar cult, we should discuss of one lion and one lioness facing each other, posing parallel to each other or sitting in a back-to-back position," said Egyptologist Bassam el-Shammaa, whose 2011 ebook, Quest for the Truth: Discovering The Second Sphinx forms the basis for the current Cannon and Hutton theory.

Cannon and Hutton also say that the Sphinx is much older than the current estimated age of approximately 4,600 years. In fact, rather than the generally accepted belief that the Sphinx was constructed sometime between 2,700 B.C. and 2,500 B.C., though the exact date has not been pinpointed, Cannon and Hutton say that the structure could not have been built at that time.

In fact, they place the construction of the Sphinx prior to Earth's most recent Ice Age — sometime earlier than 10,000 B.C. If their theory is correct, the Sphinx would be about eight millennia older than experts currently believe.

"The Sphinx had to have been carved when there was no sand there. You can't carve a rock when it's under sand," Cannon told the British Express newspaper. "When it was not under sand was about 12,000 years ago and the Egyptians weren't there."
The researchers also say that the pyramids of Giza, which the Sphinx is apparently positioned to guard, would have been built at approximately the same time as the Sphinx — meaning that the ancient Egyptian civilization recorded by history was not the origin of the remarkable structures. An earlier, prehistoric civilization that was perhaps wiped out by the ice age, must have built the Sphinx and pyramids, the pair of authors say.

Second Sphinx Buried In Sand In Egypt's Giza Plateau, Pyramids Much Older Than Believed, Researchers Claim
The Great Pyramid of Giza, illuminated by blue lighting, in 2015. [Image by David Degner/Getty Images]

In a lengthy online paper which can be accessed at this link, Cannon says that aerial photography of the Giza plateau reveals "a huge mound of sand, hardened by centuries of settlement and exposure and weathering."

"It was approximately the same length and width as the Sphinx in its enclosure, and the top of it was at a somewhat higher elevation than the top of the Sphinx's head!" Cannon wrote. See an aerial photograph of the Giza region by clicking on this link, and another photograph highlighting the "mound of sand" by clicking here.

Another photo highlighting the "mound," located in an area north of the visible Sphinx across a paved road that runs through the ancient site, can be seen at this link.

That mound, Cannon says, conceals the "second Sphinx," which would have been paired with its counterpart to create the customary pair of Sphinxes that generally "flanked avenues or entrances to important buildings," Cannon wrote.

[Featured Image by Waj/Shutterstock]