The elusive entrance to theorized wormholes may have been found deep in the center of black holes, a new study suggests. And, instead of black holes being the gravitational endpoint of anything that gets trapped within their pull, the massive space magnets just might be conduits or “back doors” to other places within our own universe.
The Daily Mail reported August 5 that physicists working out of the Institute of Corpuscular Physics in Valencia have developed a new scenario that considers the singularity at the center of a black hole as an imperfection in the structure of space-time. The researchers suggest that, quite apart from the entrapment of matter that gets pulled beyond the event horizon (the edge, or the point where the gravitational pull begins to exceed the force keeping an object outside the gravitational attraction) being stuck in a near-infinity-long journey to the heart of the black hole, the singularity could act as a “back door” to other space-points in our universe. Instead of matter being reduced to atoms in the extreme crush of the singularity, the singularity might exist as a wormhole where, researchers suggest, matter becomes “spaghettified” as it passes through the “door” and re-compacted once it exits the other side.
Wormholes, of course, are nothing new in physics. As Space.com explains, the theory of their existence dates back to 1935 to the publication of the work of Albert Einstein and Nathan Rosen, who proposed that spacetime warping could lead to a conduit, or “bridge” (wormholes are also known as Einstein-Rosen bridges), between to points in the space-time continuum, effectively bridging the gap and theoretically allowing the passage from one point to the other in a shorter expanse of time.
To test the idea that a singularity could be a potential doorway, researchers took an unconventional path, using geometric structures with similar characteristics to those of a crystal of graphene layer. This was done to better mimic the activity in the interior of a black hole. The research team also chose a type of black hole that is both motionless and electrically-charged.
Gonzalo Olmo, a Ramón y Cajal researcher at the University of Valencia, said that the team took their cues for nature while conducting the tests.
“Black holes are a theoretical laboratory for trying out new ideas about gravity. Just as crystals have imperfections in their microscopic structure, the central region of a black hole can be interpreted as an anomaly in space-time, which requires new geometric elements in order to be able to describe them more precisely.”
In analyzing their work with the new geometric structures, it was found that a center point existed that exhibited a small, spherical surface. This, to Olmo and his team, represented a wormhole at the heart of a black hole.
The researchers concluded that the wormhole would be as small as an atomic nucleus but the size was dependent upon the electromagnetic charge within the black hole itself. The larger the charge, the bigger increase in the size of the wormhole.
It was also found that, unlike in the Einstein-Rosen theorem, there would be no need for “exotic” energy, which comes from the black hole’s own gravity, to generate the wormhole. “In our theory,” Olmo explained, “the wormhole appears out of ordinary matter and energy, such as an electric field.”
Whether or not the new research pans out will take further study, of course, but black holes have become quite the popular target for astronomers and physicists.
In one study, according to Universe Today, found that black holes were responsible for the redistribution of about 20 percent of the matter in the known universe after matter has been taken in and converted to energy, then released.
A more recent study, as Astronomy magazine recounted, found that, through the use of NASA’s Chandra X-ray telescope, astronomers have been able to find high-energy black holes, which tend to “sing,” or make noise, at a higher energy level, that energy being fed by the consumption of matter being drawn in by the black holes.
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