Evidence pointing to the presence of a bathhouse was also unearthed next to the winepress find. Terra-cotta pipes used to heat the bathhouse and clay bricks were discovered near the winery. Some of the bricks were stamped with the name of the Tenth Roman Legion. This legion was one of four Roman legions that participated in the conquest of the Jews in Jerusalem during the Bar Kochva rebellion, according to the BIN article. The units of the Roman legion remained in the city until 300 CE (300 AD). Another Roman center is located 2,400 feet from the current excavation. Located in the vicinity of the International Convention Center (ICC), or Bynyenel HaUma, the Roman legion center was also the location of a large pottery and brick production center.The archaeology experts at the site suggest that the site, or manor house, was an auxiliary settlement to the previously unearthed site at Binyanei Ha-Uma. It was customary in the Roman world that a private bathhouse was a part of the estate, as evidenced in this archaeology discovery. The current excavation is a continuation of salvage excavations that were started at the site 6 months ago, when evidence was found that implicated a Jewish settlement dating back to the Late Second Temple period, the period between the construction of the second Jewish temple and when Romans destroyed it. Archaeology expert Alex Wiegman, who is the excavation director on behalf of the IAA, said that "once again, Jerusalem demonstrates that wherever one turns over a stone ancient artifacts will be found related to the city's glorious past."
"The archaeological finds discovered here help paint a living, vibrant and dynamic picture of Jerusalem as it was in ancient times up until the modern era."A Christian Post article also noted that evidence unearthed in the archaeology discovery points to the Romans arriving in Jerusalem almost 2,000 years ago after the city was destroyed in 70 AD. CP said that archaeologists in Israel are "astonished and surprised" after artifacts dating back to Jesus' time were found at the site. Amit Re'em, another archaeologist associated with IAA, was quoted in the CP article.
"We were astonished and surprised by the remains we found here. This is the magic of Jerusalem. Everything is layers upon layers in one place."The CP article also said the Schneller compound had been previously used as an orphanage and later an Israeli army base. In addition to the winery and bathhouse, archaeologists also found tools for harvesting grain, and red beads which were likely used for trade or jewelry. This new archaeology discovery in Jerusalem is definitely an amazing find.
[Photo Credit: Assaf Peretz, Israel Antiquities Authority via AP]