Physicists in New York have smashed gold ions together into a quark-gluon plasma much like the one that likely existed for milliseconds after the big bang. In the process the team smashed a Guinness World Record by creating the hottest man-made temperature every recorded.
According to the group the ion smashing process led to a temperature of 7.2 trillion degrees, 250,000 times hotter than the core of the sun.
The study was conducted at the Brookhaven National Laboratory where gold ions were both directions through its particle accelerator, once they smashed together they were moving so fast that the neutrons and protons in their nuclei “melted.”
According to the lab’s blog:
“Brookhaven National Laboratory’s Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) smashes particles together to recreate the incredible conditions that only existed at the dawn of time (video). The 2.4-mile underground atomic “racetrack” at RHIC produces fundamental insights about the laws underlying all visible matter. But along the way, its particles also smashed a world record.”
As the nuclei’s melted they created a frictionless fluid which has also bee observed in atoms near absolute zero. As one researcher explains that “10 million trillion times colder than the quark-gluon plasma we create,” explained the lead physicist. “We expected to reach these temperatures, but we did not at all anticipate the nearly perfect liquid behavior.”
At this time the group has not confirmed its findings and the Guinness Book of World Records has not officially named the temperature the hottest every to be created by man.
Here is a video explaining the current hot temperature creating process: