If you are a coffee drinker, you may not like what you are about to read.
A new study has shown that people with a preference for the bitter taste of coffee are a bit bitter themselves.
Scratch that, they are a lot bitter. So bitter in fact, that they are often associated with the behavioral patterns of Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy, with a specific lean towards sadism, Quartz reports.
The news site notes that two separate studies were conducted — one with 504 participants, one with 449. Both groups self-reported food preferences.
Coffee drinker study authors Christina Sagioglou and Tobias Greitemeyer, both social psychology professors at the University of Innsbruck in Austria, asked participants to complete several personality tests and identify preferred foods.
The second study was a refinement of the first. Bitter taste preferences were “positively associated with unpleasant character traits, and negatively associated with agreeableness,” the site notes.
The Appetite journal has accepted the study for publication, according to this PDF, just in case you’re prepared to scoff.
But if you’re a self-professed coffee drinker, just how bad is it that this study reveals you’re into sadism?
Well, to fully understand, you will have to first know the clinical definition of sadism — defined as “the tendency to derive pleasure, especially sexual gratification, from inflicting pain, suffering, or humiliation on others.”
Sadism derives its name from the works of the Marquis de Sade. His works Juliette, Or Vice Amply Rewarded and Justine, Or Good Conduct Well-Chastised as well as his seminal work The 120 Days of Sodom, or the School of Licentiousness, are controversial for their depravity in depictions of sex and violence and their rejection of social moral norms of the day.
To this day, audiences might find those depictions a tad shocking with multiple depictions of rape, incest, and violence associated with sexuality.
Most of the commenters over at the Daily Mail, however, weren’t buying into the coffee drinker study’s findings.
One called it “utter crap,” while another expanded on those thoughts, saying that the research was “silly” and that “I think the brain is the thing that makes a psychopath, lack of empathy etc.”
A third had this to say.
“Everybody has random nasty thoughts. Weak minded folk give in to them. Most of us don’t. One day we will all be classified by DNA and now, how much baggage, in terms of labels, are attached, IMO. Big Brother extends his nets. Enjoy your freedom while you still have it.”
If you find yourself a little worried by the implication that as a coffee drinker, you’re also probably a sadist, take comfort in the fact that the research just goes for the bitterness of black coffee.
If you add sugar or sweeteners of any kind to your drink, then it’s likely you aren’t into all the negative stuff.
ResearchGate even pointed out one study performed in 2009 that indicated those with a taste for the sweet stuff had kinder, more agreeable personalities.
Combining that study with this one via CBS News, you could even be able to work being a coffee drinker to your advantage if you drink it sweet and keep your intake between five and six cups per day.
As far as being a sadist is concerned, many believe that there is a more compelling way to determine who is and isn’t.
A study released in 2014 indicated that people who are “online trolls” are more likely to suffer from sadistic personality disorders.
While that isn’t news to most of you, it doesn’t quite exonerate the coffee drinker either. What do you think? Are you more likely to be a psychopath if you like coffee? Sound off in the comments section.
[Image via ShutterStock]