Another Shigella outbreak is on the rise. The number of confirmed cases is up in Kansas City and in Wichita, Kansas.
According to Wichita news station KWCH-12, a local mother has warned other families about the symptoms of Shigella. This infectious disease causes diarrhea, fever, nausea, painful abdominal cramps, and vomiting. Shigella can last from five to seven days; however, if it is not treated, then the disease can remain in the stool for up to four weeks or longer.
Doctors also warn that the disease could also lead to dangerously high temperatures (between 104 and 105 degrees Fahrenheit) and convulsions, especially in young children.
The health department in Kansas City was the first to confirm the spike in cases. It has risen from 10 a year to over 140 cases this year. There are also more Shigella cases than usual in the Wichita area. According to the Kansas Department of Health and Environment, there have been 20 cases confirmed in the Wichita area in the year of 2015. Kansas City Health Department of Media spokesperson Bill Snook previously stated in a press release what adults and children should do when exposed to Shigella.
“What we are seeing with this which is unusual is we’re seeing three different patterns of resistance. They need to go to a doctor because antibiotics will help less the duration of the virus.”
In addition to using antibiotics, patients should also ask their doctor for a culture test to find out which medication they should use. Scott Dattel, M.D. explained the importance of the procedure to FOX 4 News.
“We always develop resistance to different bacterial organisms so it’s really important that we are able to identify what type of Shigella it is and how to treat it best. What we are seeing with this which is unusual is we’re seeing three different patterns of resistance.”
Shigella can be prevented by using the right medication and with washing your hands with soap and water, every time you use the bathroom.
A nurse in the area told Eyewitness News that she has a 3-year-old son who was also diagnosed with the disease, which then spread to the rest of her family.
“This is seriously what I thought my family had. Because before we all got diagnosed, we were all getting sick. And I’m like, ‘This is not the flu. This is something terrible.’ Once it hit my body, I knew it wasn’t the flu, (because) I could feel firsthand instead of watching my child go through it.”
Adults aren’t the only ones who are susceptible to Shigella. Doctors have reported that the most of their patients are children. Many of the cases have been confirmed in daycares and elementary schools.
The last time a Shigella outbreak hit the U.S. was in April 2015, as previously reported via the Inquisitr. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 250 people were diagnosed with the virus, while 20 percent needed hospitalization. The CDC also warned that the pathogen was arriving to North America from visitors traveling to the country.
The best way to prevent you and your family from the Shigella virus is by washing your hands frequently with soap and warm water and using paper towels for drying. Properly dispose of diapers from infected children in a close-lid garbage can and wash your hands immediately with soap and water, along with your child’s after disposing of the diaper.
Keep you and your family away from public pools, spas, and shared tubs or showers. Disinfect all areas of your home with bleach, Lysol, or anti-bacterial wipes.
If you think you or your child may be infected with Shigella, please visit your doctor immediately for proper testing and diagnosis.
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