Prostate Cancer Risk Is As High As Breast Cancer, Understanding Treatment Options

According to Dr. David Samadi, the risk of getting prostate cancer for men is as high as the risk of breast cancer in women.

“These are parallel diseases. Obviously, breast cancer has had many teachable moments from celebrity health stories like Angelina Jolieand Rita Wilson’s. However, prostate cancer continues to receive far less attention even though it is just as common in men. What were missing is the same vigilant attitude from men towards screening and prevention for prostate cancer. We need to work harder to educate and spread awareness around the risks of this disease.”

The American Cancer Society states that 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer. The mortality rate of men who do get the diagnosis of prostate cancer is 1 in 38.

A diagnosis of prostate cancer is not an instant death sentence. Prostate cancer can be treated in a variety of ways.

The most common treatment option is surgery. During surgery, the prostate is removed along with some of the tissue that is around where the prostate is. A catheter will be inserted in the patient and will remain there for up to two weeks. It could take up to five weeks before the patient will be able to do normal activities.

Radiation therapy could be used to treat prostate cancer in order to avoid surgery. Side effects of this option include problems urinating or clearing out your bowels. If this treatment is not successful in removing the cancer, then surgery will have to be performed.

Hormone therapy is a treatment that is used if the patient has the prostate cancer return after surgery or radiation treatments. With this treatment, doctors try to reduce the amount of the hormones testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. This is done by either surgical castration or with a variety of medications.

Doctors are now discovering that gene therapy can be a treatment option for prostate cancer. A study, written by Dr. Paul B. Fisher in the journal Oncotarget, explains how gene therapy can be used in order to treat prostate cancer.

“We are hopeful that this research will culminate in the development of a phase 1 clinical trial that will test the safety of this novel approach and potentially lead to an effective new therapy for advanced prostate cancer.”

It is recommended that men who are 50-years-old and older get a prostate screening every year. If a family history exists, or you experience trouble urinating, then men who are 40-years-old and up should get regular screenings for prostate cancer.

The procedure that doctors use to exam a patient for prostate cancer can seem embarrassing. Because of this, men typically try to avoid this exam until they are experiencing symptoms of prostate cancer. By then it could be too late.

Prostate cancer is a serious medical problem. It is as common as breast cancer. Regular exams can mean the difference between life and death.

[Image via Medical News Daily]