Space researchers may have found Albert Einstein's black hole object that would support his general theory of relativity. Astronomers have discovered a small galaxy approximately 90 million light years from Earth in the Big Dipper, according to The West Side Story.
The Markarian 177 is believed to be the object that Albert Einstein purported to be the black hole. Futurity reports that it might be a "black hole catapulted out of a galaxy," or a "giant star that is exploding over an exceptionally long period of several decades." It goes on to say that physicists are fascinated with the discovery because of its potential to "provide experimental confirmation of the much-discussed gravitational waves predicted by Albert Einstein."
In Einstein's general theory of relativity he predicted the existence of gravitational waves. His entire theory hinges on their existence. Although scientists have attempted to directly detect the waves with measurement, they have yet to do so. The report says that this "could largely be due to the fact that this requires a level of precision that is practically impossible to achieve with today's measuring devices."
According to West Side Story, Einstein's black hole proposition suggests that when two galaxies collide, they may merge and become one—causing the two big black holes in the centers of the two galaxies to merge or fuse together. From there, the gravitational waves that were formed travel through space and create other effects.
However, it goes on to say that if the two fused black holes have unequal masses or rotate at differing speeds, the gravitational waves produced will disseminate in an asymmetrical fashion, causing the two black holes to move out in two opposite directions. It says that if the impact of the "jolting force separating the black holes is weak, the fused black holes drift together back again. But where powerful enough, the separated black holes will drift out entirely into the space from the galaxy, causing them to wander eternally in space."
Astronomers have been looking for orphaned black holes for years, according to Voice Chronicle. Researchers from the University of Maryland recently published their findings last month in the "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society" in the U.K. Team member Laura Blecha says that this wandering object is "the most promising candidate we've found" for an ejected black hole. However, she states that "it's either the first example we've confirmed in this very exotic class of objects, or it's the most exotic, extreme example of a very common class of objects," referring to exploding stars called supernovae—meaning that the object found may or may not be the elusive black hole.
For a visual representation of the phenomenon, the movie Interstellar would be a great start, according to an article in the Inquisitr. Critics have said that the imagery is visually stunning, calling it "some of the most accurate images of black holes based on Einstein's theories that have ever been produced."
The Markarian 177 is a promising discovery that might very well be the black hole object that Albert Einstein referred to in his general theory of relativity.
[Image via Science Mag]