The second case of the deadly Ebola virus has been confirmed inside the United States.
CNN reports that a Texas nurse, who wore protective gear during her extensive contact with a Ebola patient at a Dallas hospital, has tested positive for the Ebola virus. That patient did not survive.
While caring for the patient, the nurse wore a gown, mask, and gloves to protect herself during her contact with Thomas Eric Duncan. However, health officials state that there was a “breach in protocol.”
The infected nurse works at the Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas. Confirmatory tests are being conducted by the Centers for Disease and Prevention in Atlanta. The results of the blood test should be released at any time.
If this case of Ebola is confirmed by the CDC, the Texas nurse will be the first known transmission of Ebola on American soil, and the second ever diagnosed within the United States.
The Texas nurse was involved in Duncan’s care after he was placed in isolation. Duncan died on Wednesday. The Texas nurse is reported to be in stable condition. She had contact with Duncan on multiple occasions.
CNN also reports that a person who had close contact with the nurse was placed in isolation. The Dallas Fire Department has decontaminated all public areas of the nurse’s apartment building. Police are keeping people out of the area as well as speaking to residents and nearby neighbors. The nurse’s car and apartment have also been cleaned.
On Friday, the nurse reported having a low grade fever, and was immediately isolated. Positive preliminary tests came back on Saturday.
BBC News reported that Dr Frieden stated a full investigation will be conducted into how the nurse became infected. It is believed that there may have been a breach made during two high risk procedures: dialysis and respiratory intubation.
Over 4,000 people have died of Ebola since the beginning of the year. The hardest hit regions are Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The Ebola virus is out pacing all efforts to defeat it.
Reports by the World Health Organization show that 4,033 people have died from Ebola as of October 8. There are currently 8,399 registered cases of Ebola in seven countries.
Symptoms of the Ebola virus include diarrhea, fever, and vomiting. In some cases, both internal and external bleeding have been reported. The virus is spread by contact and the exchange of bodily fluids.