Ebola Outbreak 2014: Aid Organizations Take Emergency Measures In West Africa

Patricia Didelot

International aid organizations fighting the deadly Ebola outbreak are taking emergency measures to try to stop the spread of the deadly disease, which has already claimed over 100 lives in West Africa.

The tropical virus is believed to have caused at least 110 since it first appeared in southern Guinea in January of 2014.

So far the most affected countries in this Ebola outbreak are Guinea and Liberia, however, there have been suspected cases in Mali and Sierra Leone, as aid workers warn that critical hygiene products may run out shortly.

As previously reported in The Inquisitr health officials in Guinea confirmed that the Ebola virus had hit the capital city of Conkary, home to between two and three million people, one-fourth of the population in the country.

The World Health Organization (WHO) announced that 70 trained staff were being sent to Conkary, to locate people who have come in contact with patients affected by the Ebola outbreak.

A special alert system will also be set up, as well as a response operation center to work within the Guinean health ministry and train staff at Guinea's main hospital and other health facilities, according to Yahoo! News.

The United Nations agency described the 2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak as the most challenging to manage since the virus first became known in 1976, in what is now known as the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Ebola viruses are extremely contagious and highly infectious and as the 2014 outbreak continues to develop bodily fluids such as diarrhea, vomiting, and bleeding represent a hazard. This is why it is critical to have disinfecting supplies at hand.

The Ebola virus causes hemorrhagic fever, which in turn produces muscle pain, weakness, vomiting, diarrhea and, in severe cases, organ failure and uncontrollable bleeding.

The most severe Ebola outbreaks have had a 90 percent mortality rate and are transmitted from animals to humans, then from infected human to healthy human contact.

Even thought the mortality rate is extremely high, patients suffering from the Ebola virus can be saved by keeping them well hydrated and isolated, as well as offering treatment for other viruses they may suffer from.

UNICEF was working with the WHO by spreading awareness via text messages. The French Red Cross said it was sending an emergency response team to the area affected by the Ebola outbreak.

Doctors Without Borders has re-opened a health center in southern Guinea, after it was closed following an attack by locals who believed the Ebola outbreak was brought to the country by aid workers.

[Image via ScrapeTV.com]