Antibiotic resistant gonorrhea is becoming more prevalent according to recent reports from both the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Medical professionals have repeatedly warned of the potential risks associated with the disease and its resistance to treatment becoming a real possibility.
The Inquisitr reported on the CDC’s announcement of assessed costs and infection rates on eight common communicable sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the US, gonorrhea included. The CDC urges for yearly gonorrhea screening for at-risk sexually active individuals including those with new or multiple sex partners. But what happens when you find yourself infected with a bacterial infection that is no longer treatable?
Gonorrhea is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Anyone who engages in any type of sexual act with an infected partner can contract gonorrhea. Symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear two to five days after the onset of infection.
There are people who are asymptomatic and do not show signs of the disease. However, that does not mean they are immune from its effects on the body or transmitting it to another sexual partner. Symptoms may include burning, swelling, or discharge; pain during intercourse; fever; and rash.
Normally this condition would be treated with antibiotics likely Cephalosporin. However, according to the CDC and JAMA, more cases of Cephalosporin-resistant strains of gonorrhea are becoming more widespread in the US.
Overuse of broad-spectrum antibiotics, such as second and third-generation cephalosporins, has greatly accelerated the development of resistance. Additional contributing factors include incorrect diagnosis of diseases or unnecessary prescriptions, improper use of antibiotics by patients who fail to adhere to proper dosage instructions, and the use of antibiotics as livestock food additives for growth promotion.
Once a bacterium has mutated to carry multi-resistant genes it is considered a superbug and extremely difficult to treat.
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