A brain-removal tool the Egyptian embalmers used has been found in a mummy’s brain. The tool was found in a 2,400 year old female mummy.
According to The Huffington Post, this is only the second time a tool has been found in mummy’s skull. The brain-removal tool was found between the left parietal bone and the back of the skull. The skull had been filled with resin and had already been through CT scans in 2008. Researchers used an endoscope to get a closer took at the tool and detached it from the resin it was stuck in.
During an interview with Live Science, the lead researcher Dr. Mislav Čavka said:
“We cut it with a clamp through the endoscope and then removed it from the skull. Probably in museums in Egypt there are many other evidences, but they were not found inside the skull. It almost definitely would have been used in excerebration [brain removal] of the mummy.”
The tool was more than 3 inches long and used to liquify and remove the brain. A hole would have been punctured through the ethmoid bone near the nose of the mummy. Then the tool would be inserted in. Čavka said:
“Some parts [of the brain] would be wrapped around this stick and pulled out, and the other parts would be liquefied.”
Live Science reports the researchers could not do a through analysis of the tool because it was very brittle. By looking at it under the a microscope is was determined it was made from plants in the Monocotyledon group which includes palm and bamboo.
Egyptian mummification began around 3,500 years ago.