More than 10 Swedish doctors from the University of Gothenburg completed the world’s first mother-to-daughter uterus transplant this past weekend, BBC News reports.
One of the two women had her uterus removed after she was diagnosed with cervical cancer, and the other was born without reproductive organs. Both women are in their 30s and started in-vitro fertilization prior to the surgery. The frozen embryos will be thawed and transferred if the women are considered to be in good enough health at the end of a year-long observation period. The wombs will be removed after a maximum of two pregnancies.
While the doctors are optimistic about the success of the transplants, they are erring on the side of caution until both women become pregnant.
“We are not going to call it a complete success until this results in children. That’s the best proof,” Michael Olausson, one of the surgeons involved in the procedure, said.
Last year, Turkish doctors said they had completed a successful uterus transplant. They gave a womb from a deceased donor to a young woman, but Olausson said he wasn’t sure if the woman had undergone IVF treatment yet.
In 2000, a womb transplant from a live donor was performed in Saudi Arabia, but it had to removed three months later because of a blood clot.
The names of the women involved in the mother-daughter uterus transplant have not been released, but both of the donating mothers will be discharged from the hospital within the next few days. Their daughters are “doing fine but are tired after surgery,” Mats Brannstrom, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the university, said in a statement.